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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

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dfg
I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own blog and
was wondering what all is required to get setup? I'm assuming having a
blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very web savvy so I'm not
100% positive. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated.

Many thanks
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Many thanks!
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We're a bunch of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.

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Too cool!
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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
operate now cheats commented on 14-Aug-2019 03:17 PM
I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own blog and was curious what all is needed to get set up? I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very web smart so I'm not 100 sure. Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated. Thank you
คาสิโนออนไลน์ commented on 14-Aug-2019 03:41 PM
dfg
I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own blog and
was wondering what all is required to get setup? I'm assuming having a
blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I'm not very web savvy so I'm not
100% positive. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated.

Many thanks
cara main capsa susun commented on 14-Aug-2019 03:54 PM
Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it's really informative.
I am going to watch out for brussels. I'll appreciate if you continue this in future.
Numerous people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!
lumion 8.5 serial key commented on 14-Aug-2019 04:03 PM
With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement? My blog has a lot of unique content I've either written myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my authorization. Do you know any ways to help reduce content from being stolen? I'd definitely appreciate it.
tuxera ntfs crack mac commented on 14-Aug-2019 04:03 PM
We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your web site offered us with valuable info to work on. You've done an impressive job and our whole community will be grateful to you.
CAT 40 commented on 14-Aug-2019 04:10 PM
First of all I would like to say fantastic blog!

I had a quick question which I'd like to ask if you don't mind.
I was curious to know how you center yourself and clear your thoughts prior to
writing. I've had a hard time clearing my mind in getting my ideas out there.
I truly do take pleasure in writing but it just
seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any ideas or tips?

Many thanks!
CAT 40 commented on 14-Aug-2019 04:13 PM
We're a bunch of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.

Your web site provided us with helpful information to work on. You have
performed an impressive task and our whole group will be
thankful to you.
Christina commented on 14-Aug-2019 04:48 PM
Some truly nice stuff on this web site, I enjoy it.



Also visit my web blog ...hip hop artists in Los Angeles
escort service in delhi commented on 14-Aug-2019 05:13 PM
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최소 배팅 1000 원 commented on 14-Aug-2019 05:18 PM
My partner and I stumbled over here by a different website and thought
I might as well check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
Look forward to going over your web page again.
pokerrepublikid.com commented on 14-Aug-2019 05:44 PM
It's also important not to abuse players contact
information as this will most likely annoy them and could even result
in them not playing in your poker room. s tournaments
where you get a chance to improve your skills and capabilities while playing
with others at your skill level. The following are certain Betfair trading basic strategies:.
bmo mastercard activate card commented on 14-Aug-2019 06:08 PM
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merwin auto commented on 14-Aug-2019 06:17 PM
This is a great tip especially to those new to the blogosphere.
Brief but very precise info? Thanks for sharing this one.
A must read post!
de nature commented on 14-Aug-2019 06:26 PM
If you desire to increase your know-how simply keep visiting this wesbsite aand be updated with
the most up-to-date information posted here.
카지노사이트 commented on 14-Aug-2019 07:18 PM
I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the structure of
your site? Its very well written; I love what youve
got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people
could connect with it better. Youve got an awful
lot of text for only having one or 2 pictures. Maybe you could
space it out better?
private transfer commented on 14-Aug-2019 07:29 PM
I'm curious to find out what blog system you'reutilizing?
I'm experiencing some small security issues
with my latest blog and I wiuld like to find somethung more safeguarded.
Do you have any recommendations?
바카라스토리 commented on 14-Aug-2019 07:29 PM
This design is incredible! You certainly know how to keep a reader entertained.
Between your wit and your videos, I was almost
moved to start my own blog (well, almost...HaHa!) Wonderful job.
I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
Too cool!
안산출장만남 commented on 14-Aug-2019 07:31 PM
I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is
written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem.
You're incredible! Thanks!
상주출장샵 commented on 14-Aug-2019 07:33 PM
Have you ever thought about publishing an e-book or guest authoring
on other blogs? I have a blog centered on the same ideas you discuss and would really like to have you share some
stories/information. I know my visitors would appreciate your work.
If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e-mail.
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private driver commented on 14-Aug-2019 08:18 PM
Hi there, I read your blogs regularly. Your story-telling sfyle
is witty, keep up the good work!
ماهو السيو commented on 14-Aug-2019 08:21 PM
Article writing is also a excitement, if you be familiar
with afterward you can write or else it is difficult to write.
וילות בצפון commented on 14-Aug-2019 08:27 PM
thanks a good deal this web site will be conventional along with simple
Bandar Togel Resmi commented on 14-Aug-2019 10:02 PM
Remarkable! Its truly awesome article, I have got much clear
idea about from this paragraph.
바카라 먹튀 commented on 14-Aug-2019 10:07 PM
I am not sure where you are getting your information, but good topic.

I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
Thanks for excellent info I was looking for this information for my mission.

Post a Comment




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Trackback Link
http://www.datascientists.net/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
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