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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
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강남레깅스룸 commented on 19-Apr-2019 11:56 AM
Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the
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Cristobal Loxley commented on 19-Apr-2019 02:01 PM
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Cristobal Loxley commented on 19-Apr-2019 02:06 PM
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Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
Fred Peppe commented on 19-Apr-2019 10:28 AM
I enjoy your blog site.. good shades & topic. Would you actually style and design this site oneself or maybe did a person bring in help to do it for you personally? Plz respond seeing that I!|m seeking to design my personal web site and also want to understand exactly where you got that through. thank you
2 month car hire usa commented on 19-Apr-2019 11:10 AM
cartrawler Car Hire Dublin Airport
cartrawler Car Hire Dublin Airport. When you are planning a tour, you will always need to find the best options to
explore a destination. Carhire121 will always be your companion when you are looking for most affordable car hire options.
There are various international and local car hire firms that you can choose from.
We compare prices from different car hire firms to
find the best deal for your budget needs.



Dublin

Dublin is a wonderful place to visit. It has interesting history, world famous nightlife, and fantastic shopping.
If you are willing to visit this wonderful Irish capital then don’t forget to compare prices and hire
a cheap car at Dublin Airport.
agen bola terpercaya commented on 19-Apr-2019 11:34 AM
I am truly glad to read this blog posts which consists
of plenty of useful information, thanks for providing such statistics.
Tanika Tock commented on 19-Apr-2019 11:51 AM
I have figured out some important things through your blog post. One other subject I would like to talk about is that there are plenty of games in the marketplace designed specifically for preschool age kids. They contain pattern acceptance, colors, dogs, and designs. These generally focus on familiarization as opposed to memorization. This makes children and kids occupied without having the experience like they are studying. Thanks
Louis Simelton commented on 19-Apr-2019 11:51 AM
To utilize the free of charge Worlds Best graphic comments: Duplicate the HTML code from beneath the graphic picture and paste the code in your blog
강남레깅스룸 commented on 19-Apr-2019 11:56 AM
Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, like you wrote the
book in it or something. I think that you can do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but other than that, this is
great blog. A great read. I will certainly be back.
windows 10 recovery commented on 19-Apr-2019 12:19 PM
I do believe all the ideas you've offered for your post.
They are really convincing and can definitely work. Still, the posts are very
brief for newbies. May you please lengthen them a little from next time?
Thank you for the post.
Floyd Blazich commented on 19-Apr-2019 01:08 PM
I’ve been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thanks, I’ll try and check back more often. How frequently you update your site?
Wilfredo Murden commented on 19-Apr-2019 01:08 PM
Rachel Weisz have that mysterious look and she is very appealing to most men and women::
Cristobal Loxley commented on 19-Apr-2019 02:01 PM
I came across your blog after i did a search for winter hair cair tips at Yahoo. I wanted to say thank you for taking time to create this site and letting me post.
Cristobal Loxley commented on 19-Apr-2019 02:06 PM
After a short time, regular commenters begin to make a community. It starts to feel intrusive to insert yourself.
Barton Wichman commented on 19-Apr-2019 03:21 PM
wearing contact lenses is sometimes hard and you always need to clean it for hygiene“
Ira Etheridge commented on 19-Apr-2019 03:40 PM
As I site possessor I believe the content material here is rattling fantastic , appreciate it for your hard work. You should keep it up forever! Good Luck.
Delila Mina commented on 19-Apr-2019 03:40 PM
Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything in this way before. So nice to locate somebody by original thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for beginning this up. this fabulous website is one thing that is needed on the internet, a person with a bit of originality. beneficial project for bringing a new challenge towards internet!
Thanh Nesseth commented on 19-Apr-2019 03:40 PM
I’m impressed, I must say. Truly rarely do I encounter a weblog that’s both educative and entertaining, and without a doubt, you might have hit the nail about the head. Your concept is outstanding; the problem is something which too few people are speaking intelligently about. We are happy which i found this around my look for something regarding this.
Tyron Hinners commented on 19-Apr-2019 04:53 PM
She’s a confused woman who gets involved in all the action and later on falls for Roy.
Lenny Anzaldo commented on 19-Apr-2019 04:53 PM
healthy eating should be our top priority since there are many junk foods and foods with no nutritional value these days..
website commented on 19-Apr-2019 05:14 PM
Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this article and the
rest of the site is really good.
Kirk Volkmann commented on 19-Apr-2019 05:55 PM
To me, little or no not necessarily through paralyzing effect to recover
Rigoberto Dishinger commented on 19-Apr-2019 05:55 PM
Thanks for sharing your ideas with this blog. Likewise, a misconception regarding the financial institutions intentions while talking about foreclosure is that the financial institution will not getreceive my repayments. There is a certain amount of time in which the bank will require payments here and there. If you are as well deep inside the hole, they may commonly desire that you pay the actual payment in full. However, i am not saying that they will have any sort of repayments at all. When you and the loan company can have the ability to work anything out, your foreclosure process may stop. However, in case you continue to skip payments in the new plan, the foreclosed process can pick up exactly where it left off.
twenty one pilots rubber bracelet commented on 19-Apr-2019 06:09 PM
I think other website owners should take this internet site as an example, very clean and good user pleasant layout.
Pierre Barros commented on 19-Apr-2019 07:58 PM
TY for posting, it was unbelieveably informative and helped me a ton
Chase Brice commented on 19-Apr-2019 07:58 PM
Just right points?I would observe that as any individual who actually doesn’t write on blogs a lot (if truth be told, this can be my first post), I don’t think the term ‘lurker’ may be very becoming to a non-posting reader. It’s now not your fault in the least , however possibly the blogosphere could come up with a better, non-creepy identify for the ninety people that revel in reading the content .
Carmelia Barness commented on 19-Apr-2019 07:58 PM
Precisely what I was searching for, thankyou for putting up.
Mariana commented on 19-Apr-2019 08:10 PM
This article is truly a pleasant one it assists new net people, who are wishing for blogging.


my web-siteReal World

Post a Comment




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Trackback Link
http://www.datascientists.net/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
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