Trending Topics

  1. Real VS pretentious data scientists Troy Sadkowsky 01-Mar-2017

Latest News from DS

From Bhutan 19-Feb-2017

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
Santo commented on 14-Feb-2019 06:56 AM
Excellent, what a webpage it is! This web site gives helpful information to us,
keep it up. http://www.sollazzorefrigerazione.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1576820
ecoups.net commented on 14-Feb-2019 08:10 AM
I have been examinating out a few of your stories and i must say pretty clever stuff.

I will make sure to bookmark your site. http://ecoups.net/groups/chickpea-and-cauliflower-noodles-broth-with-turmeric/
Pokemon Go Hack Free PokeCoins and PokeBalls commented on 14-Feb-2019 08:42 AM
Nice post. I learn one thing more difficult on totally different blogs everyday. It will always be stimulating to learn content from different writers and follow somewhat one thing from their store. I’d desire to make use of some with the content on my weblog whether or not you don’t mind. Natually I’ll provide you with a link in your net blog. Thanks for sharing.
صيانة السخان سيمنس commented on 14-Feb-2019 09:54 AM
اذا كنت فى احتياج لعمل صيانة ثلاجات سيمنس فى المنزل و كل ما عليك هو الاتصال
بنا على خدمة صيانة ميكروويف سيمنس فى
مصر نحن فى خدمتك اينما كنت نحن نخدم جميع المحافظات لنسعى أن نكون الاحسن فى مجال عملنا و الاسرع فى التعامل معك و نوفر لك الصيانة المميزة
فى مختلف موديلات مكانس سيمنس
airbiurne commented on 14-Feb-2019 09:57 AM
Hi there, I found your website via Google while searching for a related topic, your website came up, it looks great. I've bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
카지노사이트 commented on 14-Feb-2019 10:06 AM
Quality over amount. Amen to that.
airbiurne commented on 14-Feb-2019 10:09 AM
Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he just bought me lunch as I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!
Denis commented on 14-Feb-2019 10:53 AM
Hey! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a
quick shout out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading
through your articles. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same topics?
Thanks a ton! http://Englishdefence-League.Co.uk/groups/curcumin-found-to-aid-inside-the-healing-of-skin-cuts/
ff superpatcher commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:12 AM
I have been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.
mini militia latest hack version commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:50 AM
Thanks for some other wonderful article. The place else could anyone get that type of information in such a perfect way of writing? I've a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such info.
certainly like your web-site but you need to check the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very troublesome to tell the truth nevertheless I’ll definitely come back again.
memes videos commented on 14-Feb-2019 01:22 PM
Whoa! Тһіѕ blog looks exactly ⅼike my old one!
It's օn ɑ comρletely diffеrent topic bսt it
hɑs pretty mսch the samе page layout ɑnd design. Outstanding choice of
colors!
Turmeric Milk Benefits commented on 14-Feb-2019 02:19 PM
Heya i am for the primary time here. I came across this board and I in finding It really useful & it helped
me out a lot. I'm hoping to provide one thing again and aid others such
as you aided me. http://www.missyradio.com/how-curcumin-could-reverse-cigarette-induced-damage-in-lungs/
Art Silk Sree United States - Sudarshansilk.com commented on 14-Feb-2019 02:42 PM
Howdy this is kind of of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use
WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML.

I'm starting a blog soon but have no coding expertise so I wanted to get guidance from someone with experience.
Any help would be enormously appreciated!
Benefits turmeric commented on 14-Feb-2019 06:12 PM
Hello there! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was
wondering if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for
my comment form? I'm using the same blog platform
as yours and I'm having difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot! http://tiergames.com/turmeric-found-to-significantly-improve-memory-space-in-dementia-victims/
Margarita commented on 14-Feb-2019 09:38 PM
I like this weblog it's a master piece! Glad I detected this on google. http://chollay.com/read_blog/152375/extremely-100-pure-turmeric-curcumin-review
turmeric used commented on 14-Feb-2019 10:56 PM
To follow up on the up-date of this issue on your web site
and would like to let you know how much I liked the time you took to
publish this valuable post. Within the post, you actually spoke on how to actually handle this challenge with all ease.
It would be my personal pleasure to get together some
more strategies from your site and come as much as offer people what I have learned from
you. I appreciate your usual great effort. http://Academy.Uroweb.ru/20-benefits-turmeric-combating-cancer-normally?nocache=1
Curcumin vs Turmeric commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:09 PM
I do not create many remarks, however i did some searching and wound up here Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?.
And I do have a couple of questions for you if it's allright.

Is it simply me or does it look like some of the remarks look like left by brain dead visitors?
:-P And, if you are posting at additional places, I would like to follow everything fresh you have to post.
Could you list of every one of all your public pages like your twitter feed,
Facebook page or linkedin profile? http://Ecoups.net/groups/curcumin-increases-temper-and-memory/
http://www.epic-research.org/article.php?id=80707 commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:24 PM
Super-Duper site! I am loving it!! Will be back later to read some more.

I am bookmarking your feeds also http://www.epic-research.org/article.php?id=80707
Hulda commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:57 PM
A Intelligent Way to seek out Free of charge Adult
Chat Rooms!

Chatting over the internet is hugely popular. The problem is there are few
free adult chat rooms where we could discuss adult topics. Due to their popularity,
webmasters increasingly plan to charge for the service.
In this article, you will see how to locate fairly easily numerous
these chat communities, many of which are entirely free.

It is now difficult to find good places for adults to speak.
Most of this is as a result of spread of instant messengers, virtual worlds, and social support
systems. The few good chat sites available usually are full or, worse still,
full and intent on asking you to pay a membership fee. To most
folks, it seems like the days of fine, fun, lively free places for adults to have adult chat
have left. Thankfully, there's a serious clever
opportinity for us to still find good rooms.
All in the big dating communities offer their members free adult forums.
Now, I'm sure you happen to be thinking, "Yes, and the dating sites also charge you a regular membership because of these free rooms!" This is not always the case.
Many such chat communities have the freedom, others are free but have limited features for the non-paying members, among others still offer a free of charge service
for girls.
The beauty of joining a big, well-known dating community is basically that you get
given usage of a massive adult chatting community which has hundreds, sometimes thousands of people using it at any one time.
Better yet, their rooms have a tendency to offer users
a chance to hook of their webcams. So you might be chatting away in a very room and have the ability to select a
profile and view them on the webcam, too!

Free Adult Chat Rooms : http://inx.lv/ufY
Art Silk Sree United Kingdom - Sudarshansilk.com commented on 15-Feb-2019 12:17 AM
What i do not realize is actually how you're no longer really
a lot more smartly-preferred than you might be now.
You're very intelligent. You already know thus significantly in relation to this subject, produced
me in my opinion imagine it from numerous varied
angles. Its like women and men don't seem to be involved unless it's one thing to accomplish with
Girl gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. At all times care for it up!
Carte VidéO commented on 15-Feb-2019 12:32 AM
Le processeur graphique NV43 d'une GeForce 6600 GT.
Karma commented on 15-Feb-2019 12:38 AM
I am extremely impressed with your ᴡriting skiⅼls as well aѕ witһ the lɑyout on your
blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yoսrself?
Either waу keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rarte
too see a nicе bog ⅼike this one nowadays.
Donette commented on 15-Feb-2019 01:26 AM
We're a bunch of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
Your web site offered us with valuable info to work on.
You've performed a formidable activity and our
whole community will probably be thankful to you. https://www.arkadax.com/blogs_post.php?id=45324
turmeric spanish commented on 15-Feb-2019 02:33 AM
Hi, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam
comments? If so how do you protect against
it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it's
driving me crazy so any assistance is very much appreciated. https://www.pro-date.de/blogs_post.php?id=151341

Post a Comment




Captcha Image

Trackback Link
http://www.datascientists.net/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
Post has no trackbacks.

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
Santo commented on 14-Feb-2019 06:56 AM
Excellent, what a webpage it is! This web site gives helpful information to us,
keep it up. http://www.sollazzorefrigerazione.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1576820
ecoups.net commented on 14-Feb-2019 08:10 AM
I have been examinating out a few of your stories and i must say pretty clever stuff.

I will make sure to bookmark your site. http://ecoups.net/groups/chickpea-and-cauliflower-noodles-broth-with-turmeric/
Pokemon Go Hack Free PokeCoins and PokeBalls commented on 14-Feb-2019 08:42 AM
Nice post. I learn one thing more difficult on totally different blogs everyday. It will always be stimulating to learn content from different writers and follow somewhat one thing from their store. I’d desire to make use of some with the content on my weblog whether or not you don’t mind. Natually I’ll provide you with a link in your net blog. Thanks for sharing.
صيانة السخان سيمنس commented on 14-Feb-2019 09:54 AM
اذا كنت فى احتياج لعمل صيانة ثلاجات سيمنس فى المنزل و كل ما عليك هو الاتصال
بنا على خدمة صيانة ميكروويف سيمنس فى
مصر نحن فى خدمتك اينما كنت نحن نخدم جميع المحافظات لنسعى أن نكون الاحسن فى مجال عملنا و الاسرع فى التعامل معك و نوفر لك الصيانة المميزة
فى مختلف موديلات مكانس سيمنس
airbiurne commented on 14-Feb-2019 09:57 AM
Hi there, I found your website via Google while searching for a related topic, your website came up, it looks great. I've bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
카지노사이트 commented on 14-Feb-2019 10:06 AM
Quality over amount. Amen to that.
airbiurne commented on 14-Feb-2019 10:09 AM
Excellent read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he just bought me lunch as I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!
Denis commented on 14-Feb-2019 10:53 AM
Hey! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a
quick shout out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading
through your articles. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same topics?
Thanks a ton! http://Englishdefence-League.Co.uk/groups/curcumin-found-to-aid-inside-the-healing-of-skin-cuts/
ff superpatcher commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:12 AM
I have been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.
mini militia latest hack version commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:50 AM
Thanks for some other wonderful article. The place else could anyone get that type of information in such a perfect way of writing? I've a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such info.
certainly like your web-site but you need to check the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very troublesome to tell the truth nevertheless I’ll definitely come back again.
memes videos commented on 14-Feb-2019 01:22 PM
Whoa! Тһіѕ blog looks exactly ⅼike my old one!
It's օn ɑ comρletely diffеrent topic bսt it
hɑs pretty mսch the samе page layout ɑnd design. Outstanding choice of
colors!
Turmeric Milk Benefits commented on 14-Feb-2019 02:19 PM
Heya i am for the primary time here. I came across this board and I in finding It really useful & it helped
me out a lot. I'm hoping to provide one thing again and aid others such
as you aided me. http://www.missyradio.com/how-curcumin-could-reverse-cigarette-induced-damage-in-lungs/
Art Silk Sree United States - Sudarshansilk.com commented on 14-Feb-2019 02:42 PM
Howdy this is kind of of off topic but I was wondering if blogs use
WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML.

I'm starting a blog soon but have no coding expertise so I wanted to get guidance from someone with experience.
Any help would be enormously appreciated!
Benefits turmeric commented on 14-Feb-2019 06:12 PM
Hello there! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was
wondering if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for
my comment form? I'm using the same blog platform
as yours and I'm having difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot! http://tiergames.com/turmeric-found-to-significantly-improve-memory-space-in-dementia-victims/
Margarita commented on 14-Feb-2019 09:38 PM
I like this weblog it's a master piece! Glad I detected this on google. http://chollay.com/read_blog/152375/extremely-100-pure-turmeric-curcumin-review
turmeric used commented on 14-Feb-2019 10:56 PM
To follow up on the up-date of this issue on your web site
and would like to let you know how much I liked the time you took to
publish this valuable post. Within the post, you actually spoke on how to actually handle this challenge with all ease.
It would be my personal pleasure to get together some
more strategies from your site and come as much as offer people what I have learned from
you. I appreciate your usual great effort. http://Academy.Uroweb.ru/20-benefits-turmeric-combating-cancer-normally?nocache=1
Curcumin vs Turmeric commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:09 PM
I do not create many remarks, however i did some searching and wound up here Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?.
And I do have a couple of questions for you if it's allright.

Is it simply me or does it look like some of the remarks look like left by brain dead visitors?
:-P And, if you are posting at additional places, I would like to follow everything fresh you have to post.
Could you list of every one of all your public pages like your twitter feed,
Facebook page or linkedin profile? http://Ecoups.net/groups/curcumin-increases-temper-and-memory/
http://www.epic-research.org/article.php?id=80707 commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:24 PM
Super-Duper site! I am loving it!! Will be back later to read some more.

I am bookmarking your feeds also http://www.epic-research.org/article.php?id=80707
Hulda commented on 14-Feb-2019 11:57 PM
A Intelligent Way to seek out Free of charge Adult
Chat Rooms!

Chatting over the internet is hugely popular. The problem is there are few
free adult chat rooms where we could discuss adult topics. Due to their popularity,
webmasters increasingly plan to charge for the service.
In this article, you will see how to locate fairly easily numerous
these chat communities, many of which are entirely free.

It is now difficult to find good places for adults to speak.
Most of this is as a result of spread of instant messengers, virtual worlds, and social support
systems. The few good chat sites available usually are full or, worse still,
full and intent on asking you to pay a membership fee. To most
folks, it seems like the days of fine, fun, lively free places for adults to have adult chat
have left. Thankfully, there's a serious clever
opportinity for us to still find good rooms.
All in the big dating communities offer their members free adult forums.
Now, I'm sure you happen to be thinking, "Yes, and the dating sites also charge you a regular membership because of these free rooms!" This is not always the case.
Many such chat communities have the freedom, others are free but have limited features for the non-paying members, among others still offer a free of charge service
for girls.
The beauty of joining a big, well-known dating community is basically that you get
given usage of a massive adult chatting community which has hundreds, sometimes thousands of people using it at any one time.
Better yet, their rooms have a tendency to offer users
a chance to hook of their webcams. So you might be chatting away in a very room and have the ability to select a
profile and view them on the webcam, too!

Free Adult Chat Rooms : http://inx.lv/ufY
Art Silk Sree United Kingdom - Sudarshansilk.com commented on 15-Feb-2019 12:17 AM
What i do not realize is actually how you're no longer really
a lot more smartly-preferred than you might be now.
You're very intelligent. You already know thus significantly in relation to this subject, produced
me in my opinion imagine it from numerous varied
angles. Its like women and men don't seem to be involved unless it's one thing to accomplish with
Girl gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. At all times care for it up!
Carte VidéO commented on 15-Feb-2019 12:32 AM
Le processeur graphique NV43 d'une GeForce 6600 GT.
Karma commented on 15-Feb-2019 12:38 AM
I am extremely impressed with your ᴡriting skiⅼls as well aѕ witһ the lɑyout on your
blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yoսrself?
Either waу keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rarte
too see a nicе bog ⅼike this one nowadays.
Donette commented on 15-Feb-2019 01:26 AM
We're a bunch of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
Your web site offered us with valuable info to work on.
You've performed a formidable activity and our
whole community will probably be thankful to you. https://www.arkadax.com/blogs_post.php?id=45324
turmeric spanish commented on 15-Feb-2019 02:33 AM
Hi, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam
comments? If so how do you protect against
it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it's
driving me crazy so any assistance is very much appreciated. https://www.pro-date.de/blogs_post.php?id=151341

Post a Comment




Captcha Image

Trackback Link
http://www.datascientists.net/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
Post has no trackbacks.