Trending Topics

  1. Real VS pretentious data scientists Troy Sadkowsky 01-Mar-2017

Latest News from DS

From Bhutan 19-Feb-2017

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
acrylic paint by numbers for adults commented on 07-Dec-2018 05:02 AM
I absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your post's to be just what I'm looking for. Would you offer guest writers to write content to suit your needs? I wouldn't mind publishing a post or elaborating on a few of the subjects you write related to here. Again, awesome web log!
Jackson Brazington commented on 07-Dec-2018 06:39 AM
It can be a fully outstanding and entertaining gaming site which takes your old online experience in to a far better graphics or over to date features. Having held it's place in the casino party and planning business for countless years I have been told by customers some very sad stories of the occurred at their casino fundraiser and I want to pass to you the 7 steps you need to follow to ensure you possess a successful casino fundraiser and hire the BEST casino party company to your event. This random number generator is really a software algorithm utilized for your game.
Jerome Wahn commented on 07-Dec-2018 06:39 AM
In today's day of the pc, gambling has had an additional direction of being online. Having held it's place in the casino party and planning business for quite some time I have have been told by customers some very sad stories of what occurred at their casino fundraiser and I would like to pass to you the 7 steps you should follow to ensure you possess a successful casino fundraiser and hire the BEST casino party company on your event. Customer Relations - From online casino to online casino, customer relations is relative.
payday advance commented on 07-Dec-2018 10:09 AM
Hello! I simply wish to give you a big thumbs up for the excellent information you have got here on this
post. I am coming back to your site for more soon.
online canadian pharmacy commented on 07-Dec-2018 11:53 AM
I all the time used to read paragraph in news papers but now as I am a user of net therefore from now
I am using net for posts, thanks to web.
вулкан престиж commented on 07-Dec-2018 12:13 PM
Бездепозитный бонус в Drive казино | Бездепозитные... Название казино. Drive. Вейджер. х70. Сумма бездепозитного бонуса. ... Бездепозитный бонус Вулкан Олимп| Бездепозитные бонусы казино. Бездепозитный бонус JoyCasino | Бездепозитные бонусы казино.
canadian pharmaceuticals online commented on 07-Dec-2018 04:55 PM
My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using Movable-type on a number
of websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform.
I have heard very good things about blogengine.net.
Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
Any help would be greatly appreciated!
Caitlyn commented on 07-Dec-2018 05:23 PM
Many thanks, this website is very practical.

Here is my web site ...descargar facebook
Shantell commented on 07-Dec-2018 06:09 PM
Wow, beautiful portal. Thnx ...

Look at my blog post; Poker;view it,
fate grand order cheat engine commented on 08-Dec-2018 01:30 AM
Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?
Ashlee commented on 08-Dec-2018 02:35 AM
Unbelievably user friendly website. Enormous details available on couple of gos to.


Also visit my blog post ...สมัคร fifa55
muscle growth pills commented on 08-Dec-2018 04:34 AM
Hello, all the time i used to check blog posts here in the early hours
in the morning, since i love to gain knowledge of more and more.
raw hair bundles dallas commented on 08-Dec-2018 07:23 AM
My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But
he's tryiong none the less. I've been using WordPress on numerous websites for about a
year and am concerned about switching to another platform. I have heard great
things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer
all my wordpress content into it? Any kind of help
would be greatly appreciated!
wild hunter commented on 08-Dec-2018 10:25 AM
Бонус от казино Вулкан без депозита - 500 рублей за... Бонусные предложения казино Вулкан без депозита, подарки за пополнения счета, кешбеки каждую неделю и другие заманчивые предложения от клуба. ... Бездепозитные бонусы от Вулкана - деньги при регистрации в подарок. 1. Подарок 500 рублей. 2. Бездепы и другие бонусы. 3. Как отыграть бонус?
Maricela commented on 08-Dec-2018 10:42 AM
You've amazing thing in this case.

Feel free to surf to my weblog Poker99 (this link)
prosolution pills before and after pictures commented on 08-Dec-2018 10:52 AM
Howdy just wanted to give you a brief heads up
and let you know a few of the images aren't loading correctly.
I'm not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I've tried it in two different web browsers and both show the same
outcome.
Lynn commented on 08-Dec-2018 01:24 PM
Really interesting....look forward to returning.

Feel free to visit my site Poker -https://www.deabruak.com/faktor/asiknya-bermain-game-pc-warnet,
Lona commented on 08-Dec-2018 01:38 PM
I appreciate the content on your websites. thnx!

My webpage; PokerCC (hokikoko.com)
Film Poker commented on 08-Dec-2018 02:27 PM
My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different page and
thought I might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
Look forward to looking over your web page yet again.
buy sell trade jewelry near me commented on 08-Dec-2018 07:37 PM
I seriously love your website.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did
you make this site yourself? Please reply back as I'm
looking to create my own site and would love to know where you got this from or just what the theme is called.
Appreciate it!
Theda Sage commented on 08-Dec-2018 08:08 PM
Escort agencies claim that they are dispatching these individuals to provide a social or conversational service rather than a sexual service, since prostitution laws often forbid taking payment for sex or communicating for the purpose of arranging a contract for sexual services. '
Demarcus Richesin commented on 08-Dec-2018 08:23 PM
While there are no doubt some shady Athens escort agencies, thankfully there are plenty of great ones to choose from. Read on to find out what you should look out for, and how you can choose the best escort agency for the date of your wildest dreams!
Gertha Hinnen commented on 08-Dec-2018 08:48 PM
Professionalism matters to call girls in Athens!

Post a Comment




Captcha Image

Trackback Link
http://www.datascientists.net/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
Post has no trackbacks.

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
acrylic paint by numbers for adults commented on 07-Dec-2018 05:02 AM
I absolutely love your blog and find nearly all of your post's to be just what I'm looking for. Would you offer guest writers to write content to suit your needs? I wouldn't mind publishing a post or elaborating on a few of the subjects you write related to here. Again, awesome web log!
Jackson Brazington commented on 07-Dec-2018 06:39 AM
It can be a fully outstanding and entertaining gaming site which takes your old online experience in to a far better graphics or over to date features. Having held it's place in the casino party and planning business for countless years I have been told by customers some very sad stories of the occurred at their casino fundraiser and I want to pass to you the 7 steps you need to follow to ensure you possess a successful casino fundraiser and hire the BEST casino party company to your event. This random number generator is really a software algorithm utilized for your game.
Jerome Wahn commented on 07-Dec-2018 06:39 AM
In today's day of the pc, gambling has had an additional direction of being online. Having held it's place in the casino party and planning business for quite some time I have have been told by customers some very sad stories of what occurred at their casino fundraiser and I would like to pass to you the 7 steps you should follow to ensure you possess a successful casino fundraiser and hire the BEST casino party company on your event. Customer Relations - From online casino to online casino, customer relations is relative.
payday advance commented on 07-Dec-2018 10:09 AM
Hello! I simply wish to give you a big thumbs up for the excellent information you have got here on this
post. I am coming back to your site for more soon.
online canadian pharmacy commented on 07-Dec-2018 11:53 AM
I all the time used to read paragraph in news papers but now as I am a user of net therefore from now
I am using net for posts, thanks to web.
вулкан престиж commented on 07-Dec-2018 12:13 PM
Бездепозитный бонус в Drive казино | Бездепозитные... Название казино. Drive. Вейджер. х70. Сумма бездепозитного бонуса. ... Бездепозитный бонус Вулкан Олимп| Бездепозитные бонусы казино. Бездепозитный бонус JoyCasino | Бездепозитные бонусы казино.
canadian pharmaceuticals online commented on 07-Dec-2018 04:55 PM
My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using Movable-type on a number
of websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform.
I have heard very good things about blogengine.net.
Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
Any help would be greatly appreciated!
Caitlyn commented on 07-Dec-2018 05:23 PM
Many thanks, this website is very practical.

Here is my web site ...descargar facebook
Shantell commented on 07-Dec-2018 06:09 PM
Wow, beautiful portal. Thnx ...

Look at my blog post; Poker;view it,
fate grand order cheat engine commented on 08-Dec-2018 01:30 AM
Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?
Ashlee commented on 08-Dec-2018 02:35 AM
Unbelievably user friendly website. Enormous details available on couple of gos to.


Also visit my blog post ...สมัคร fifa55
muscle growth pills commented on 08-Dec-2018 04:34 AM
Hello, all the time i used to check blog posts here in the early hours
in the morning, since i love to gain knowledge of more and more.
raw hair bundles dallas commented on 08-Dec-2018 07:23 AM
My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But
he's tryiong none the less. I've been using WordPress on numerous websites for about a
year and am concerned about switching to another platform. I have heard great
things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer
all my wordpress content into it? Any kind of help
would be greatly appreciated!
wild hunter commented on 08-Dec-2018 10:25 AM
Бонус от казино Вулкан без депозита - 500 рублей за... Бонусные предложения казино Вулкан без депозита, подарки за пополнения счета, кешбеки каждую неделю и другие заманчивые предложения от клуба. ... Бездепозитные бонусы от Вулкана - деньги при регистрации в подарок. 1. Подарок 500 рублей. 2. Бездепы и другие бонусы. 3. Как отыграть бонус?
Maricela commented on 08-Dec-2018 10:42 AM
You've amazing thing in this case.

Feel free to surf to my weblog Poker99 (this link)
prosolution pills before and after pictures commented on 08-Dec-2018 10:52 AM
Howdy just wanted to give you a brief heads up
and let you know a few of the images aren't loading correctly.
I'm not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I've tried it in two different web browsers and both show the same
outcome.
Lynn commented on 08-Dec-2018 01:24 PM
Really interesting....look forward to returning.

Feel free to visit my site Poker -https://www.deabruak.com/faktor/asiknya-bermain-game-pc-warnet,
Lona commented on 08-Dec-2018 01:38 PM
I appreciate the content on your websites. thnx!

My webpage; PokerCC (hokikoko.com)
Film Poker commented on 08-Dec-2018 02:27 PM
My partner and I stumbled over here coming from a different page and
thought I might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
Look forward to looking over your web page yet again.
buy sell trade jewelry near me commented on 08-Dec-2018 07:37 PM
I seriously love your website.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did
you make this site yourself? Please reply back as I'm
looking to create my own site and would love to know where you got this from or just what the theme is called.
Appreciate it!
Theda Sage commented on 08-Dec-2018 08:08 PM
Escort agencies claim that they are dispatching these individuals to provide a social or conversational service rather than a sexual service, since prostitution laws often forbid taking payment for sex or communicating for the purpose of arranging a contract for sexual services. '
Demarcus Richesin commented on 08-Dec-2018 08:23 PM
While there are no doubt some shady Athens escort agencies, thankfully there are plenty of great ones to choose from. Read on to find out what you should look out for, and how you can choose the best escort agency for the date of your wildest dreams!
Gertha Hinnen commented on 08-Dec-2018 08:48 PM
Professionalism matters to call girls in Athens!

Post a Comment




Captcha Image

Trackback Link
http://www.datascientists.net/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
Post has no trackbacks.